A 9,000 Year Old Megalithic Settlement Excavated Under Water

Well and human remains excavated at Megalithic site. Image taken from article.

Well and human remains excavated at Megalithic site. Image taken from article.

I originally saw this article through Facebook when it was posted by Powered by Osteons. After a read through the article I thought it was worth sharing. A settlement dating to the 7th millennium BC has been excavated off the coast near Israel.

This site was first discovered in 1984 by marine biologist Ehud Galili. Excavation of this site have revealed houses, a well, stone paved areas and stones walls. In addition to these more usual finds a megalithic structure was also identified. There are 7 of these megalithic measuring up to just over 2 metres surrounding a fresh water well.

As well as the impressive megalithic a many floral and fauna remains were found, including human remains. There were a total of 65 individuals found at the site, with some identifies as having been buried in graves. It has also been noted that two cases of tuberculosis (TB) were discovered in the skeletons of a women and child. As if this was not compelling enough it was identified that these were the earliest cases of TB. There are references to the original papers at the end of the article.

It’s impressive what can be found underwater and expect that in the near future we will hear more from this area of work. As technology improves I am sure that archaeological and historical digs will become easier underwater, revealing new worlds and past civilisations – and I cannot wait!

Link to the article here.

24th March – World TB Day

World TB dayLike any other day into work I was reading the Metro (a free paper) on the train. Every day there is a double page spread on a certain topic. It isn’t usually a news story but presents facts and figures on the subject and today’s focused on World Tuberculosis (TB) Day.

This caught my attention as I have looked at TB as a pathology in my osteology classes back at university. TB is caused by a bacteria which can be passed from individual to individual via inhaling infected droplets through coughing or sneezing. It can be difficult to identify the infection in the bones as it is easily confused with other lung complaints due to the formation of new bone and also curvature of the spine.

The infection is associated with urbanized and densely populated areas – making the transmission of the disease much easier. In the UK TB is not necessarily thought of as a disease which has become extinct but in 2012 in England and Wales alone there were 261 deaths (number taken from the Metro article) and a total of around 9 million people still getting ill with TB.

This is why I wanted to promote World TB Day. Only through promotion and knowledge will this infection be recognised and therefore treated more effectively. Please spread the word that today is World TB Day – it might help treat and even save someone’s life.

Link to the Metro can be found here. Also follow this link to the World Health Organisation in it’s attempts to reach the missing 3 million people with TB who are missed by health systems.